2012 - 2016
To promote balanced economic development that is protective of the environment and oriented to the future
To increase the area of land under forest coverage
To institutionalise mechanisms to resolve conflicts over land tenure
To synchronise government policies in responding to climate change.
overnment policies for the management of forest resources have been focused on extraction and exploitation, and this has led to deforestation and the devastation of forested areas in Indonesia. Aside from triggering social conflict due to the loss of rights of indigenous and local communities over forest areas, forest policy and management has failed to improve the welfare of communities living within and around the forests. As many as 10.2 million of around 48.8 people living within and around the forests, live below the poverty line.
The Ministry of Forestry has identified 760 villages located within and around these forests, or 52.6 percent of the total number of villages in Indonesia. The latest data from the Forestry Tenurial Roadmap of 2011, shows that 31,957 villages interact with forests and 71.06 percent of those villages depend on forest resources for their livelihoods
To promote improvements in governance in both economic and environmental sectors, Kemitraan initiated the Forest Governance Program in 2007. This program continues to support multi stakeholder cooperation to develop more equitable resource management, fostering cooperation between government, community groups, universities, business and CSOs to foster and protect livelihoods for some of the poorest Indonesians.
Kemitraan’s forest governance program is active in several districts of Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua. These activities have been complimented by advocacy at the national level, with the issuance of 10 new regulations, along with 65 local regulations related to forest governance. At the national level, Kemitraan also supported the Empowerment Working Group (WGP) with members from the Ministry of Forestry, civil society and business.
One way we are working to help indigenous forest people, is by protecting their access to traditional lands. Kemitraan is supporting 17 CSOs and adat communities in the push to reform the roadmap for a forest tenurial system. The draft roadmap has been discussed by multi stakeholders and will become the basis for the new policy. Improving the management of forest areas and protecting indigenous access will prevent conflicts and secure livelihoods with the recognition of adat rights over their land.
In 2012, Kemitraan worked to accelerate Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) with the Directorate of Social Forestry Management under the Ministry of Forestry, organizing roundtable discussions with institutions, community groups and donors toe xpand CBFM in Indoensia. Kemitraan also helped draft new regulations to clarify licenses for an area covering 40,000 ha in 17 regencies where the program currently operates. At least 40,000 families, including poor widows, or approximately 160,000 beneficiaries are reached through CBFM initiatives.
The forest governance program operates on the ground via Community Foundations, which provide a valuable multi stakeholder forum at local level, as well as bringing government and civil society together in community-led policy reform. These initiatives are supported by the Royal Norwegian Embassy.
Kemitraan has been working in West Nusa Tenggara province to expand the area;s designated People’s Forest, to over 4,636.17 ha, which will directly benefit around 8,400 families. This was achieved by working closely with the local government’s policy makers to increase the forest people’s access to livelihoods.