Poverty Eradication and Economic Governance

52

Strategic Plan 2012 – 2016

  • To promote a redistribution of economic opportunities that specifically favours marginalised communities including developing economic strategies and policies that empower small scale enterprises to compete globally
  • To support a regulatory framework that enables the central government to manage and maintain equity and balance in national and regional development
  • To help the government develop a grand strategy that ensures the supply of staple food products.

Kemitraan Intervention

Kemitraan believes that poverty is a governance issue because the delivery of basic services, like healthcare and free rice, matters most to the poor. It is Indonesia’s poorest who suffer most from the incompetent or inefficient management of budgets and resources.

Reaching people who need help the most has sometimes been a challenge for poverty alleviation programs, but PNPM Peduli is generating real results by targeting the most vulnerable Indonesians, especially indigenous communities, people with HIV/AIDS, street children, and victims of trafficking. Activities in 13 provinces focus on access to basic services like health delivered to isolated areas and alternative education and training to give people access to livelihoods. Kemitraan is one of the coordinating partners working at national level to deliver these projects in partnerships with a range of local CSOs in 27 districts throughout Indonesia.

PNPM PEDULI HELPS TRAIN AND EQUIP MIDWIVES IN REMOTE VILLAGES

Elyse Kahania 54, has been a midwife for 21 years in Lawe village. With support from the PNPM Peduli program, she gained training and medical supplies. “With PNPM Peduli’s help, we received training and much needed equipment. Now we are able to safely handle the childbirth process and do not need to travel to Koja village,” she said.

This program meant that Elyse is now able to help deliver children with clean gloves and sterile surgical scissors. According to Elyse this is already making a difference. “Pregnant women are more relaxed, knowing their wounds are properly treated with medecines supplied by the program. They are able to walk after only two days whereas before, complications could make recovery slow.”

Habel is a traditional healer who claims to have a natural talent for curing sick people, using special herbs and prayers. “I even healed a hand severely damaged by a machete. My prayer made his bleeding stop,” Habel explained.

In Lawe, he is known as a “magic” midwife with his own method for delivering babies. First, he rubs the mother’s stomach with a  special potion, then chants a recitation in Kaili language, “Go round here and there, come out,” to encourage the baby to come. After six months of training, Habel now helps Elyse deliver children, as the official midwife comes only every three months to socialize Family Planning.

HELPING MINORITIES TO ACCESS EDUCATION
“I am very relieved and pleased” said a teacher working with the Suku Anak Dalam (SAD) community to teach basic literacy to their children. After more than a year studying informally in the forest, 20 indigenous children have finally been accepted and are officially enrolled local public schools.

On 2 July 2012, the proud parents were able to register their children at the local elementary school – a major milestone, since for years the children were not accepted in public schools because of discrimination against the Suku Anak Dalam tribe, an indigenous minority living in West Sumatera and Jambi.

In 2011, Kemitraan along with SSS Pundi, began working with the SAD community, concerned about their strucggle to survive in the face of severe marginalization. Nearby communities consider the SAD people the lowest class of society, and refer to them as “Orang Kubu”, meaning ignorant and dirty.

SSS Pundi, supported by PNPM Peduli, facilitates access to basic rights like education for the children, clean water, regular health services, and agricultural livelihoods.

Kemitraan is also working in several Papuan villages to develop livelihoods and build food security. This project has focused on developing agroforestry models in several villages in papua and West Papua. Kemitraan has a Memorandum of Understanding with the provincial governments to foster economic empowerment at village level by improving land management in the regencies of Pegunungan Bintang, Jayawijaya, Mimika, Kaimana and Keerom, It focuses on village development as the smallest governance unit and helps develop alternative livelihoods by supporting farmers with training in production, basic financial management and access to markets for their produce. While the focus is on crops for food and medicine, these are mixed with cash crops like teak and cocoa in order to build economic resilience.